Plagiarism occurs when a writer uses another’s work but presents it as his own. It
involves using a writer’s words, opinions, and ideas without giving him credit for
it. Even if a writer unwittingly plagiarizes another’s work, the legal and ethical
ramifications can be costly.
Ways to avoid plagiarism:
All direct quotations from another writer’s work should be surrounded by quotation
marks and attributed to the writer.
Paraphrased information taken from an author’s ideas and opinions should list the
author as the source.
Generally known facts and opinions that are available from a number of sources do
not require a citation (reference to the source of the information).
Facts that are not generally known or easily checked need citations.
If there is uncertainty about whether or not a source should be cited, then err on
the side of caution and give the author credit for his information.
Avoid Plagiarism, The OWL at Purdue, http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/589/01.
The Chicago Manual of Style, The University of Chicago Press.
The Facts on File: Guide to Good Writing, Martin H. Manser.