Proofreading: The Final Stage of the Writing Process
Traditionally, proofreading involved reviewing the proof of a document (such as a manuscript) that had been typeset to identify typographical and formatting errors before it goes to print. With a trained eye, the proofreader would systematically read the proof and use standard proofreading marks to identify errors.
In more modern times proofreading involves reviewing a final version of a document
to identify typographical and formatting errors. The proof may be in the form of
a hard copy print-
Because proofreading occurs after a document has undergone rigorous editing (copy editing and/or substantive editing), it can be viewed as the final stage of the editing process. It is the final check to find the small errors that have been overlooked even after numerous readings and rounds of editing.
Proof: A test version (hard copy or electronic) of a document that is used to make changes to the text before the document is sent for final printing.
Typographical: “A typographical error (often shortened to typo) is a mistake made
in, originally, the manual type-
Typeset: “Typesetting involves the presentation of textual material in graphic form on paper or some other medium. Before the advent of desktop publishing, typesetting of printed material was produced in print shops by compositors or typesetters working by hand, and later with machines.” http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Typeset
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